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Friday, December 13, 2019

Importance of Dairy Plant Design|Dairy Engineering|Technical Superintendent milma|Technical Superintendant Milk Marketing Federation Limited


Importance of Dairy Plant Design|Dairy Engineering|Technical Superintendent milma|Technical Superintendent Milk Marketing Federation Limited


Kerala PSC is conducting Exam of Technical Superintendent Milk Marketing Federation Limited(MILMA). The Milma Technical Superintendent Exam will be on 19 February 2020. All candidates need to give the confirmation before December 12. The study materials of technical superintendent Milma can be got from eee.bibimohanan.comwww.eeemadeeasy.com and video classes will be available in the YouTube Channel EEE Made Easy. You can follow the EEE Made Easy Telegram channel to get updates of the exam for the post of Technical Superintendent Milk Marketing Federation Limited.



Importance of Dairy Plant Design


Introduction:

Dairy Plant design, involves the estimation of capacity, process scheduling, and proper layout so as to achieve the objective of handling milk at the least cost and greatest safety. 

However, the dairy industry and the plant design has to meet certain special requirements and need to be focused on these. 

The following are the few aspects that make the dairy industry as a unique one.


Special Characteristics of Dairy Industry:


1. Perishable nature of milk: Milk is one of the most perishable of the agricultural commodities, and has only a few hours of shelf life unless it is chilled and processed. Hence, the TIME factor is the most important aspect to be involved in the dairy plant design and layout

2. Milk is an essential commodity. It provides nutrition especially to children and aged.
 Hence the dairy industry has a high profile in society, and its functioning is very essential to the well being of society.


3. Seasonal nature: The dairy industry has to deal with the availability of raw milk fluctuations depending on the season. 

It is available in certain months, called Flush season when most of the calving and green fodder is available.

 During summer months, when milk availability dips due to most of the animals coming to the end of their lactation period. 

Hence, OVER CAPACITY is the factor to be considered in plant design and layout, as the plant is to meet the peak procurement of the flush season, while in the remaining months it is having excess capacity. 

Also, the flexibility of the plant design and layout has to be considered.


4. Milk is a food item, which has to be consumed, especially by children and old people. Hence, PLANT HYGIENE is an important factor in plant layout and design.


5. Effluent disposal of the dairy plant is essential as the volume and BOD value of the dairy effluent is high.


Sufficient planning is required to handle this high volume of effluent to be handled by the Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP).


6. Dairy Industry has to meet the various legal aspects and mandatory requirements. 

It has to meet the Industrial act, Labor act, Boiler act, Pollution control act.

It also has to meet the HACCP and FSSAI guidelines.


Importance and economics of plant design:



The products of the dairy industry i.e., liquid milk, yogurt, curds/dahi, cream, butter, ghee, ice-creams, cheese, milk powders, shrikhand, traditional Indian dairy products, etc. are foods which are very important for human nutrition. 

Therefore, it is very necessary that the milk and milk products should be available to everyone at the lowest possible rate.

 Also, the profit margin that the dairy entrepreneur expects is limited. 

Therefore, the capital outlay of the building and plant should be economical. 

Planning must be done wisely to make the best use of the labor employed and to keep operating costs to a minimum. 

Materials and methods used in the building must be such as to give the longest practical life with the minimum maintenance, in spite of working conditions which are often relatively severe from both mechanical and chemical points of view. It should also be without stopping production.


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